Month: September 2016

Wortstellung im Satz

wortstellung-im-satz

Tekamolo could be:

  • a dog’s name
  • a company’s name
  • a japanish word
  • etc.

Now let me tell you what it should be for you, german learners:

tekamolo

Because most probable, the order in which you would put the words in a phrase, is not the one in which a german would put them, was invented tekamolo. To help you remember how to make a decent sentence when you’re taking an exam or when you want to write an e-mail to Angela Merkel. Because in other cases, when you talk your daily bullshit (quick because you don’t want people to notice how wrong you declinate the adjective), tekamolo will obviosuly be your last thought.

Now, as usual an example:

beispiel-worstellung-im-satz3

 

Where to study german in München

image

I have some experience with different courses in Germany and I want to share it with you. It may help.

1. Goethe Institut – probably best known, not only in Germany but also international. Located at the moment (till beginning of 2017) in the München downtown, easy to reach by foot from Sendlinger Tor or Karlsplatz (Stachus).

Offers mainly good quality of courses (depends also on your luck what teacher you get) but a little too expensive. For example an evening course (Abendkurs) costs around 700€. Some teachers prefer to work with a book, others more old style with papers made by themselves. I prefer this handouts to books because they concentrate on the essentials and are more easy to read after some time for a recap.

2. DKFA – Deutsch Kurse für Ausländer

are courses offered by LMU (Ludwig Maximilian Universität) and I find them the best deal. They are very good and cheaper than others. There are so many courses to choose from that is difficult to give an average price of a course. Check it out here better. The courses are intended for people who want to study in german and need a certificate. That’s why I found the level of the people attending classes very good. Most of them are preparing an exam and are interested to learn quick and efficient. All teachers work with papers (no books) and the quality of the handouts is very good.

3. Volkshochschule

They offer different courses including Integration courses and even a bairisch course. Prices are decent. Around 300€ pro course.

This is all what I experimented until now and, as I said, from all of them I would recommend the ones in DKFA because of the quality/price ratio.

Whatever you choose you can actually not be wrong. If you want to learn german you are already in the right place.

Good luck!

 

Mixed tenses in german

 

There are 6 german tenses:

Futur 1 : Ich werde nach Berlin fahren. (or) Ich fahre in einer Woche nach Berlin.

Futur 2: Die Gletscher werden in 500 Jahre geschmolzen sein.

Präsens: Ich höre Musik.

Perfekt: Ich habe gestern Musik gehört.

Präteritum: Ich studierte Informatik.

Plusquamperfekt: Du warst Gestern nach Paris gekommen.

In this post is not my intention to explain every tense in detail. I just want to explain how to use mixed tenses. It is possible to mix 2 tenses in one phrase using the following rule:

deutschezeiten2

You can always mix tenses that are neighbours in this pyramid. 1+2, 2+3, 3+4.

NEVER jump one or more tenses. For example 1+3, 1+4, etc.

Legitim question from you: WHY?

Answer (from my german teacher): Es ist so. In jede Sprache gibt es Regel, die man ohne Erklärung akzeptieren muss. Es klingt falsch wenn man z.B Perfekt mit Plusquamperfekt mischt. Man macht das nicht. Bei der Prüfung wird besonders darauf geachtet.

Some examples:

Nachdem ich meine Hausaufgabe gemacht hatte, trank ich eine Tasse Kaffee. (Plusquamperfekt + Präteritum)

Als er nach Hause kommt, merkt er,  dass er seine Schlüssel verloren hat. (Präsens + Perfekt)

Difference between beeinträchtigen and beeinflussen

According to Leo:

beeinflussen = to influence so./sth, to affect so./sth

beeinträchtigen = to impair sth, to affect sth.

Beeinträchtigen has a more negative meaning. It means to influence something but not in a good way – to make it more difficult for someone to do something. Synonyms are behindern and erschweren (= to hinder).

The explanation in Wiktionary is very good:

https://de.wiktionary.org/wiki/beeinflussen

https://de.wiktionary.org/wiki/beeinträchtigen

There you can find this very good examples:

Seine Verletzung beeinträchtigte ihn beim Gehen. (His injury impaired his walking.)

Jemand ist schnell zu beeinflussen. (Somebody can be quickly influenced.)